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Der Kolloquienzyklus der VWI-Fellows


Die VWI-Fellows präsentieren Zwischenresultate ihrer Forschungsvorhaben im Rahmen von Kolloquien, die – im kleinen Rahmen angekündigt – auch einer akademisch und inhaltlich interessierten Öffentlichkeit zugänglich sind. Die Vorträge werden durch eine im jeweiligen Thema ausgewiesene Fachperson in Form einer Respondenz oder eines Kommentars begleitet und von den anderen Fellows und dem Publikum diskutiert.


Das Veranstaltungsformat VWI goes to … war ursprünglich aus akutem Raummangel geboren worden, konnte doch das Institut an seinem früheren Standort, am Desider-Friedmann-Platz nicht einmal eine kleine Veranstaltung organisieren. Allein aus dem Kontakt zu anderen akademischen Einrichtungen in Wien, zum Teil auch in der weiteren Region, ergab sich in der Folge – auch dank der jeweils eingeladenen Kommentatorinnen und Kommentatoren – wiederum die einzigartige Möglichkeit, die Fellows und die Forschungen des VWI mit anderen Institutionen, methodischen Ansätzen, Forschungsfragen und Ideen zu vernetzen, das Institut in den regionalen Forschungsraum noch mehr zu integrieren. Aus diesem Grund wurde entschieden, das Format auch am neuen Standort beizubehalten. Gleichzeitig eröffnete sich aber am Rabensteig auch die Gelegenheit, zu diesen Kolloquien Institutionen auch an das VWI einzuladen. Aus diesem Grund trägt ab Herbst 2016 das VWI-Kolloquium entsprechend alternierend auch die Bezeichnung VWI invites... .



VWI invites/goes to...
Alicja Podbielska: The Memory of Rescue in Poland

Mittwoch, 25. April 2018, 17:00 - 19:00

Institut für Osteuropäische Geschichte, Dissertantenraum (2.OG), Unicampus, Spitalgasse 2/Hof 3, 1090 Wien


VWI goes to the Institute of East European History of the University of Vienna

illustration podbielskaWhen, how, and why did Polish Holocaust rescuers become officially designated national heroes? Concomitant with the early 2000s debate on the Jedwabne pogrom, a surge of interest in rescue emerged as a defensive reaction to revelations about Polish complicity in the Holocaust. With the onslaught of right-wing populism, this reaction turned into a backlash, sometimes amounting to historical negationism. In the current government’s politics of memory, the rescuers represent the entire nation’s heroism and innocence. In Polish discussions on rescue, individual morality is not at stake, but the country’s honour and self-image. The narrative about universal and altruistic help fosters the national pride and reinforces the community boundaries. Opponents of this self-congratulatory position see rescuers as an ostracized minority, whose extraordinary behaviour illuminates the moral failure of their compatriots. They advocate an honest confrontation with shameful history of betrayal and murder. Both these approaches, however, following the logic of national reckoning, side-track the key aspect of the Righteous legacy: an universal message of solidarity with all “others”.

The Ulma Family Museum of Poles Saving Jews during the Second World War, opened in 2016, and the meeting between the Pope and rescuers in Birkenau sealed the latter’s newly esteemed status in Polish national memory. It also put them in the very centre of Holocaust remembrance. This mode of memory focuses on Poles as major actors and victims, while Jews serve merely as props in the story of Christian sacrifice. Recent (June 2017) plans to establish a museum of the Righteous adjacent to the Auschwitz complex raise even more pressing questions about encroaching on the memory of the victims and whitewashing of the past. Can the memory of rescue – if used to suppress discussion of the local population role in the destruction of Jewish communities – constitute a form of Holocaust denial? Scrutinizing Polish public discourse, I examine how the focus on rescue became the preferred, indeed, the only acceptable, mode of Holocaust memory.

Commented by Piotr Filipkowski

Alicja Podbielska is currently Junior Fellow at VWI. She is a PhD Candidate at the Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Clark University. Prior to her doctoral studies, she worked at the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam. Podbielska received fellowships from European Holocaust Research Infrastructure, Yad Vashem, and United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C.

Piotr Filipkowski, sociologist, oral historian, researcher at the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, currently postdoc at the Institute for East European History at University of Vienna. In 2002–2011, he worked at the Karta Centre, where he was engaged in numerous Polish and international oral history documentation and research projects, among them Mauthausen Survivors and the International Slave- and Forced Labourers Documenta-tion Projects. He is the co-founder and collaborator of the Oral History Archive at the History Meeting House in Warsaw. His general research interests concentrate on the relationships between historical experience and autobiographical narrative. Currently engaged in creating Qualitative Data Archive at his home institute and publishing mostly on qualitative research theory and methodology.

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